Liberia regards health as a fundamental right and treats it as a priority area of interest in line with SDG3: Health & Well-being. Further, government recognizes that the soundness of economic recovery and development is founded on the health of the population. Thus, to achieve equitable access and sustained improvement in health care delivery, collective global collaboration has been sought to pool resources and direct programming to cater to all segments of the population, especially vulnerable groups such as women, children and the disabled.
With support from development partners, Liberia has made steady progress in refocusing the health system. It is vigorously implementing an investment plan that is aligned with the Ten-Year Health Policy and Plan launched in 2011. The policy outlines a set of core objectives:
- increase the number and rationalize the placement of health workers
- increase the number of high performing health facilities
- orientate the workforce to be people-centered and gender sensitive
- improve the enabling working and learning environments
Further, the country has initiated steps towards achieving universal health coverage through a program for the establishment of a Health Equity Fund and signing of the Health Compact.
Liberia’s health service functions a multi-tier system. At the national level, government formulates policy, undertakes planning and mobilizes resources. Then, implementation takes place at three decentralized levels: county, district and community levels, where the essential packages of health are defined and made operational.
Health service provision is pluralistic. The government owns 69 percent health facilities nationwide, but management is carried out under contractual arrangements with non-governmental organizations. An estimated 31 percent of service providers are private, of which a substantial 40 percent are owned and managed by faith-based institutions.